The Caucasus are a meeting ground for plants from the Alps of Europe and the Himalayas of Asia. Beautiful wild species of rhododendron, snowdrops, squill and cyclamen originated here. Plants from this region feed us too. Early human communities in these mountains domesticated native wild wheat, oats and barley along with sheep, goats, cattle, and pigs, transforming societies forever.
Vegetation in the Caucasus Mountains is incredibly diverse because of dramatic changes in elevation and rainfall. About 6,500 different species of plants have been discovered and over 2,500 are endemic (only found here). Today, however, modern humans are impacting the incredible diversity of these alpine meadows by intensively grazing livestock in these sensitive ecosystems.